Download Citation on ResearchGate | Kepadatan Jumlah Kumbang Badak ( Oryctes rhinoceros L.) Pada Tanaman Kelapa Sawit (Elaeis guineensis jacq.). Download Citation on ResearchGate | Tingkat Serangan Kumbang Badak ( Oryctes rhinoceros L.) Pada Areal Pertanaman Kelapa Sawit (Elaeis guineensis Jacq. PREFERENSI KUMBANG BADAK (Oryctes rhinocheros) PADA KOLEKSI. PALEM KEBUN RAYA PURWODADI. Dewi Ayu Lestari. 1). Rony Irawanto. 2).
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Global Invasive Species Database Species profile: Scarabaeus rhinocerosLinnaeus Oryctes stentorCastelnau, kumbzng Oryctes rhinoceros is one of the most serious pests of the bzdak palm.
Oryctes rhinoceros also has a record of damage, wherever it has become established in the tropics, to native palm trees and native Pandanus. Imagos of Oryctes rhinoceros are large mm long and mm breadth, black or reddish black in colour, stout and possesses a characteristic cephalic horn which is larger in males. The pygedium is densely clothed with reddish brown hairs on the ventral surface in the female Nirula, et. Coconut kmbang beetle for high quality diagnostic and kumbnag images.
The duration of immature stages of Oryctes rhinoceros has been studied by various authors under differing conditions. Whitish brown eggs are 3 to 4mm long and take 8 to12 days to hatch. Developmental period is 1St instar larvae 10 to 21 days2nd instar larvae 12 to 21 days, 3rd larvae 60 to dayspre-pupae 8 to 13 days and pupae 17 to 28 days Bedford, a; Catley ; Cherian and Anantanarayanan ; Goonewardena, ; Gressitt ; Hinckley ; Kurian and Pillai, ; Nirula Mature larvae are C- shaped, with brown head capsule and legs.
The imagoes remain in the cocoon for about 11 to 20 days Lever, Mating occurs in breeding sites Zelazny, The life cycle lasts from 4 to 9 months allowing more than one generation per year. In India average adult longevity is about 4.
Kumbang Badak | Insects & Spiders | Animals | Pixoto
Life history data for Oryctesand related species like Scapanusand Strategus are summarised by Bedford Decaying pandanus trunk in Palau Gressitt, and heaps of decaying cocoa pod shells in New Ireland Bedford, a are also reported as breeding sites. In India Kurian and Pillai, ; Nirula, et al.
Floating logs containing larvae in tunnels might spread the pest to new areas Bedford, The female coconut rhinoceros beetle burrows into rotting stumps, standing palms and rubbish piles to lay her eggs. The beetles can attack many different palms including coconut, betel nut, sago palm and dates. They badakk also feed on pandanus and other fleshy plants.
The beetle breeds in decaying organic materials like compost and sawdust heaps. Transportation of this material could be a pathway of kumbwng to new areas. The coconut rhinoceros beetle is one of the most damaging insects to coconut palms and African oil palm in southern and south- east Asia and the Western Pacific islands.
The beetle feeds on tissue juices. In oil palm O. In younger palms the effect of damage can be much more severe Wood, ; Attack by adults may reduce yield and kill seedlings. They may provide entry points for lethal secondary attacks by the palm weevil Rhyncophorus or by other pathogens, in some countries Bedford, Apart from coconut and African oil palm recorded host plants include the date palm and a variety of palms grown for ornamental purpose, including Roystonea regiaLivistona chinensisCorypha umbraculifera and Raphia ruffia Gressitt, ; Bedford, ; also recorded are pine apple, sugarcane, pandanus and banana Lever, Integrated control measures adopted on a community basis are essential to bring an effective control of an Oryctes rhinoceros population.
The major components of the Integrated Pest Management Package consist of mechanical, chemical and biological methods. Mechanical methods consist of examing trees for infestation and removing the beetle physically. Prophylactic methods preventive measures include the use of pesticides, napthalene balls etc.
Oil cakes of neem and marotti Hydnocarpus wightiana have also provided good results. Biological control of the beetle is the most important component of the IPM package. The green Muscardine fungus Metarhizium anisopliae M. The viral pathogen Baculovirus of Oryctes OBV is very effective and kills the grub in days of infestation and it affects the longevity and fecundity of adult beetles. Insect predators are frequently observed in the natural breeding grounds of the beetle, which feed on the eggs and early instar larvae of the beetle.
The important predators are Santalus parallelus Payk. As these predators help in the natural check of the pest population, conservation of the predator fauna is essential. Restricting and managing the breeding sites could check the proliferation of the pest. Proper disposal of breeding grounds and field sanitation are important steps in IPM of Oryctes. An effective trapping method with rotting castor cake slurry kept in mud pots has been developed for rhinoceros beetle.
A list of control options from Controlling rhinoceros beetle in coconut: India an article in ‘The Hindu’ July 7 Collection and destruction of various bio-stages of the beetle from the manure pits.
Incorporation of the entomopathogenic fungus, Metarhizium kumabng in manure pits to check the perpetuation of the pest. Soaking of castor cake at 1kg in 5 litres of water in small mud pots and placing them in coconut gardens to attract and kill the adults.
Longitudinally split tender coconut stem and green petiole of fronds can be treated with fresh kumbany and kept in the garden to trap the beetles. Setting up of light traps following the first rains in summer and monsoon.
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Field release of Baculovirus inoculated adult rhinoceros beetle reduces the leaf and crown damage caused by the beetle. Please follow this link Ecoport: Macfarlane for more details on the signs and symptoms of infestation and management options.
Countries or multi-country features with distribution records for Oryctes rhinoceros. Informations on Oryctes rhinoceros has been recorded for the following locations.
File:Kumbang badak – Wikimedia Commons
Click on the name for additional informations. Details of Oryctes rhinoceros in information. Management notes for this location. Annual Report of the Pacific Science Board, 6: Annual Report of the Pacific Science Board, 7: Biology of the histerid beetle Hister Santalus orientalis Payk. A predator of Oryctes. Physical and biotic factors which exert a check on the population density of Oryctes rhinoceros Linn. Paper presented at the fourth session of the FAO Tech.
Working party on coconut production, Protection and processing, Kingston, Jamaica. Use of a virus against the coconut palm rhinoceros beetle in Fiji. Observations on the biology and ecology of Orcytes rhinoceros and Scapenes australis Coleoptera: Biology, Ecology and control of palm Rhinoceros beetle. Entomol26, Biological suppression of Oryctes rhinoceros by re-releases of Baculovirus oryctes in an infected contiguous area.
Effect of Clerodendron infortunatum on grubs of coconut rhinoceros beetle, Oryctes rhinoceros. Recent advances in Plantation Crops Researchpp.
Allied Publishers Ltd, New Delhi. Scope of botanical pesticides in the management of Oryctes rhinoceros L. Mass production bada entomopathogen Metarhizium anisopliae in coconut water wasted from copra making industry. Plantn Crops 19 1: Using the Oryctes Virus. Insect Science and its Application 21 2: The coconut palm is an important plantation crop in India, where it is cultivated bavak 1. The rhinoceros beetle, Oryctes rhinoceros L.
Successful biological control of this pest could be achieved using the non-occluded Oryctes virus syn. Baculovirus oryctes or Oryctes baculovirus. This review provides an account of this microbial agent, its biology, effects and impact, production and maintenance and alternative hosts, particularly in the context of the Kumbaang situation.
It also proposes future areas for investigation on the virus, in order to achieve its commercial viability and more widespread use.
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Release and establishment of the Baculovirus disease of Oryctes rhinoceros L. Scarabaeidae in Papua New Guinea. Naphthalene balls for vadak protection of coconut and oil palm against Oryctes rhinoceros L. Aggregation pheromone on coconut rhinoceros beetle, Oryctes rhinoceros L. Chemical Ecology 21 A virus disease of the Indian badal beetle, Oryctes rhinoceros Linaeuscaused by a new type of insect virus, Rhaddionvirus oryctes gen. Introduction and establishment of Baculovirus for the control of rhinoceros beetle Oryctes rhinoceros Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae in the Andaman Islands India.
Study on repellant action of phorate against rhinoceros beetle, Oryctes rhinoceros Linn.
Behavioural and physiological approaches in pest management. A, Reghupathy and S. Biological control of insect pest of coconut. Coconut Research and Development.